Therapeutic Management Of GI Complaints

Gastrointestinal complaints or otherwise called symptoms  are common medical conditions that include stomach upset, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, gas in the GI tract, or changes in bowel habits (e.g., diarrhea, constipation).

Gastrointestinal problems occur when the mucous membrane of the digestive tract is inflamed, irritated and infected. Vomiting, diarrhea, aches and fever may accompany gastrointestinal problems. Common causes of gastrointestinal problems are viruses, food-borne illness Gastrointestinal problems may last from one day to more than a week, depending on the cause.

Some common symptoms of GI diseases are:

Difficulty in stool movement, Irregular bowel habits, Rectal bleeding, Fistula, Stomach cramps, Flatulence, Incontinence, Hemorrhoids, Diverticulitis. There are some GI diseases that are asymptomatic.

GI disease is diagnosed by the following tests:

·         Ultrasound – A probe is inserted in your anal area to see if the nerves respond and if there are scar tissues around the area.

·         X-Ray – It is helpful when  you want to spot signs of malformations.

·         MRI – A more in-depth look at the inside of your body.

·         Colonoscopy or Endoscopy – A probe is inserted either through your mouth or via the anus, depending on where the possible problem lies. The camera then takes note of any irregularities in the passage so that the doctor can make the diagnosis.

Treatment of GI diseases depends on the type of gastrointestinal disease. Some of the treatment methods are:

·         Antibiotics – to prevent the infection from spreading.

·         Surgery – to remove the problem or to implant a device that helps your body cope with the disease.

·         Diet – Intake of foods that give your body the essential nutrients to fight the disease.Gastrointestinal complaints or otherwise called symptoms  are common medical conditions that include stomach upset, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, gas in the GI tract, or changes in bowel habits (e.g., diarrhea, constipation).