Track 7:Pediatric Gastrointestinal bleeding

 

Gastrointestinal bleeding (GI bleed), also known as gastrointestinal haemorrhage, is all forms of bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the rectum. When there is significant blood loss over a short time, symptoms may include vomiting red blood, vomiting black blood, bloody stool, or black stool.Bleeding is typically divided into two main types: upper gastrointestinal bleeding and lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Causes of upper GI bleeds include: peptic ulcer disease, esophageal varices due to liver cirrhosis and cancer, among others. Causes of lower GI bleeds include: haemorrhoids, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease among others.